I began this series by questing most of my assumptions that guided my decisions with respect to the Membrane sculptures. For example, I constructed an open spatial structure as opposed to the seemingly solid mass of the canvas and wood works. For the Space-Holds I used an exo-skeletal frame in contrast to the interior structure for the Membrane works. I did this because I wanted the interior spatial volume to be clear of all distractions. Visually open—a container for space. In part it was my early study of Gothic cathedrals as a metaphor for the Christian faith, and the spatial problem such a form presents that led me to invert the “nave,” thus opening the enclosed volume of space to natural light and the sky above.