My first sculptures were hammered steel forms made from flat sheets. These had a remote reference to organic forms and the human body. I understood these to be organic in nature and in their reference. My goal was to move my work closer to the formal lessons I observed in my study of how organisms grow in the natural world. The forms of greatest interest to me had a rigid endoskeleton supporting a soft otter membrane. For example, the human body. Regarding the sculptures here, the outer membrane is canvas, while the interior framework is plywood.